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  1. ܐܲܪܸܥ : 1) intransitive ; see also ܡܲܗܦܸܟ݂ / ܕܲܠܩܸܒ݂ / ܣܵܥܹܐ / ܕܵܪܹܫ / ܡܲܕܹܥ / ܟܵܠܹܐ : to protest / to disapprove / to disagree , to make a protestation , to remonstrate , to express one's dissent / opposition / disapproval , to object ; 2) transitive ; see also ܡܲܟܸܣ / ܣܵܬܹܪ / ܕܲܠܩܸܒ݂ : to rebut , to contradict by opposing a legal document , to expose the falsity of / to refute , to deny / to belie , to gainsay / to dispute / to challenge , to disproof / to disprove , to disclaim , to condemn , to disapprove of , to oppose / to question / to take exception to / to dispute , to counter-act the other party in a lawsuit , to asseverate (?) , to be against / to go against / to counter / to run counter to (?) , to resist ; 3) transitive ; see also ܡܲܟܸܣ / ܙܲܝܸܦ / ܣܵܬܹܪ / ܒܲܛܸܠ / ܡܲܣܒܸܬ : to refute / to prove wrong by argument or evidence , to deny the truth or accuracy of , to disprove , to invalidate a theory ; 4) transitive ; see also ܡܲܗܦܸܟ݂ / ܕܲܠܩܸܒ݂ : to react , to tend in a reverse direction , to stand against / to act in opposition to / to oppose (?) ; 5) transitive ; see also ܕܵܚܹܐ / ܕܵܚܹܩ / ܥܵܨܹܐ / ܣܲܩܒܸܠ / ܡܲܟܠܹܐ ; an enemy ... : to repel , to drive back , to fight off , to keep at bay , to repulse / to thrust back / to fend off , to drive away / to discourage , to force away / to force apart , to send packing ; 6) transitive ; see also ܥܵܨܹܐ / ܣܲܩܒܸܠ / ܡܵܪܹܕ / ܕܲܠܩܸܒ݂ : to resist / to oppose , to stand up against / to hold out against , to counter ; 7) transitive ; see also ܡܲܕܥܸܪ ; malice, aggression, dirty trick ... : to retaliate against , to return like for like for , to give tit for tat to someone for ... , to take one's revenge for / take vengeance for
  2. ܐܲܪܸܥ : transitive ; see also ܡܲܪܹܐ / ܟܵܠܹܐ ; sentry ... : to challenge / to order to halt and prove identity ;