Eastern Syriac :ܫܲܝܸܫ
Western Syriac :ܫܰܝܶܫ
Root :ܫܝܫ
Eastern phonetic :' ša yiš
Category :verb
[Moral life → Feelings]
English :1) transitive ; see also ܟܲܝܸܫ / ܫܲܟܸܢ / ܡܲܢܝܸܚ / ܫܲܟܸܬ / ܡܲܫܠܹܐ / ܫܲܝܸܢ / ܫܲܢܸܢ / ܡܲܡܟܸܟ݂ / ܡܲܫܬܸܩ : to quiet / to cause to be quiet , to calm , to quiesce / to tranquilize , pain, fears, anxiety ... : to allay / to appease / to soothe / to ease / to placate , rumours, accusations ... : to silence (?) / to prove wrong (?) ; 2) transitive ; see also ܦܲܓܸܕ / ܒܵܠܹܡ / ܥܲܘܸܟ݂ / ܟܵܒܹܫ / ܙܵܓܹܪ / ܚܵܣܹܟ݂ / ܚܵܡܹܠ / ܙܲܒܛܸܢ / ܬܲܚܸܡ / ܩܲܝܸܨ ; passions, tears, tongue, curiosity, production ... : to restrain , to limit , to keep under control , to hold one's tongue , to hold back / to refrain tears ... , to contain one's curiosity , to slow down production ... , to stem (?) , to hinder (?) / to hamper someone's activities ... / to interfere with ... / to throw up roadblocks (?) / to stick a spoke in the wheels of / to undermine (?) ;
French :1) transitif ; voir aussi ܟܲܝܸܫ / ܫܲܟܸܢ / ܡܲܢܝܸܚ / ܫܲܟܸܬ / ܡܲܫܠܹܐ / ܫܲܝܸܢ / ܫܲܢܸܢ / ܡܲܡܟܸܟ݂ / ܡܲܫܬܸܩ : calmer , apaiser , tranquilliser , faire taire / taire / rendre silencieux , douleur ... : apaiser (?) / soulager (?) / atténuer (?) , rumeurs, accusations ... : faire taire (?) / couper l'herbe sous les pieds de (?) ; 2) 4) transitif ; voir aussi ܦܲܓܸܕ / ܒܵܠܹܡ / ܥܲܘܸܟ݂ / ܟܵܒܹܫ / ܙܵܓܹܪ / ܚܵܣܹܟ݂ / ܚܵܡܹܠ / ܙܲܒܛܸܢ / ܬܲܚܸܡ / ܩܲܝܸܨ : contenir / réfréner ses passions ... , tenir sa langue , refouler / retenir sa curiosité, ses larmes ... , freiner la production ... / servir de frein à / entraver les activités de ... / mettre obstacle à l'activité de / mettre des bâtons dans les roues de (?) ;
Dialect :Eastern Syriac

Cf. ܫܝܫ, ܫܲܝܘܼܫܹܐ, ܡܸܫܬܲܝܫܵܢܘܼܬܵܐ

See also : ܟܲܝܸܫ, ܟܲܝܘܼܫܹܐ

Source : Bailis Shamun